Dataset Descriptions

The table below describes datasets dervied from published census results. See the bottom of this page for an overview of datasets tabulated from IPUMS International Microdata.


DatasetDataset type# TablesTabulation geographies
[# units]
Census date
Albania 2001Population Census78Prefecture [36]01-04-2001
Albania 2012Agricultural Census5Prefecture [12]01-10-2012
Algeria 1998Population Census7Wilaya [48]24-06-1998
Angola 2014Population Census34Province [14]16-05-2014
Belgium 1991Population Census4Region [3]01-03-1991
Belize 2010Population Census20District [6] 
Subdivision [15] 
City/Village/Town [218]
China 1997Agricultural Census10Part [3]Varies
Cook Islands 2011Agricultural Census73Island group [3]
Island/District [26]
Cook Islands 2011Population Census104Island group [3]
Island/District [26]
Dominican Republic 2010Population Census57Region [10]
Province [32]
Municipality [155]
Municipal district [386]
01 to 07-12-2010
Estonia 2011Population Census10County [15]
Municipality [226]
Finland 2010Agricultural Census12Region [16]Varies
The Gambia 2013Population Census8Local Government Area (LGA) [8]
District [43]
Ghana 2021Population Census65Region [16] 
District/Constituency [261] 
Constituency (in metropolitan districts) [17]
Hungary 2011Population Census12Region [7]
County [20]
Japan 2010Population Census20Prefecture [47]01-10-2010
Kazakhstan 2009Population Census6Region/Oblast [16]25-02-2009
Latvia 2011Population Census19Region [6]
County [119]
Parish/Town [564]
Madagascar 2005Agricultural Census141Province [6]
Region [22]
District [105]
July 2004 to June 2005
Mozambique 2007Population Census5Region [11]01-08-2007
Myanmar 2014Population Census7Region [15] 
District [74] 
Township/City [413]
Namibia 2001Population Census37Region [13]28-08-2001
Niger 2001Population Census28Region [8]20-05-2001
Poland 2011Population Census18Voivodeship [16]31-03-2011
Qatar 2004Population Census46Municipality [10] 
Zone [87]
Sri Lanka 2001Population Census15District [18]17-07-2001
Sri Lanka 2012Population Census163Province [10] 
District [26] 
Division Secretariat (Colombo and Thimbirigasyaya) [2] 
Grama Niladhari Divsion (Colombo and Thimbirigasyaya) [55]
Syria 2004Population Census95Mohafazat [14]22-09-20041
Togo 2010Population Census14Region [6] 
Prefecture/ Arrondissement [40] 
Canton/Quartier [443] 
Canton [73]
06 to 21 11-2010
Togo 2012Agricultural Census53Region [5]2011-12 crop year
Tonga 2001Agricultural Census88Division [5]
District [23]
Tunisia 2004Population Census70Governorate [24]28-04-2004
Uganda 1991Agricultural Census181District [33, 6 not enumerated]March 1990 to April 1991
Uganda 2002Combined Population and Agricultural Census27Region [4]
District [56]
United Arab Emirates 2005Population Census21Emirate [7]06-12-2005
Vanuatu 2007Agricultural Census116Province [6]
Island [18]
Zambia 1990-1992Agricultural Census151Province [9]
District [57]


Albania 2001: Usual residents

Albania 2012: All agricultural holdings in the country

Algeria 1998: All natural persons resident in the national territory on the reference date, except foreign persons covered by diplomatic or consular immunity

Angola 2014: Resident population, whether present or not at the time of the interview. Residents include those residing in the household for more than six months and/or intending to reside in the household for the next six months.

Belgium 1991: Persons recorded in the National Register (population register and register of foreigners)

Belize 2010: All households of Belize. De jure, counting all persons who had resided or planned to reside in Belize for at least six months. Includes person living in households and institutions, whether or not they were present at the time of the enumerator’s visit, as well as those persons who were found living on the streets on census day. Military personnel and their families who were living in military barracks or camps and members of the diplomatic corps living in residences of the Ambassadors or High Commissions were excluded.

China 1997: All agricultural holdings in rural areas

Cook Islands 2011 (ag): Households engaged in agriculture and/or fishing and commercial agricultural enterprises

Cook Islands 2011 (pop): All persons alive at midnight on Census Night within the geographical boundaries of the Cook Islands, excluding those persons on foreign vessles, yachts and aircraft flying through or stopping temporarily

Dominican Republic 2010: De jure. Includes all persons habitually residing in the territory of the Dominican Republic and its jurisdictional waters, regardless of where the wehere during the enumeration period.

Estonia 2011: Permanent residents, including military and naval personnel, diplomatic staff and members of their families, and those who work in another country but who spend most of their non-working time in Estonia

Finland 2010: Farms in the 2009 Farm Register; horticultural enterprises in the 2009 Horticultural Enterprise Register; and new applicants for farming subsidies in 2010

Gambia, The 2013: De facto count of all persons who were within the borders of The Gambia by midnight of Census night

Hungary 2011: Resident population, excluding foreign military, naval and diplomatic personnel and their families and civilian foreigners in the country temporarily

Japan 2010: All persons living in Japan, except (1) foreign diplomatic corps, their suite and their dependents and (2) Foreign military personnel including both military corps and civilians and their dependents. The following islands were excluded: (1) Habomai-gunto, Shikotan-to, Kunashiri-to and Etorofu-to and (2) Take-shima in Okinoshima-cho, Oki-gun Shimane-ken.

Kazakhstan 2009: People present at the census time

Latvia 2011: Permanent residents of Latvia

Madagascar 2005: Agricultural holdings in rural municipalities. Complete enumeration of modern farms and large farms. Sample survey of traditional farms. Traditional maritime and continental fisheries and aquaculture.

Mozambique 2007: All persons who spent census night in the country except diplomats in foreign embassies

Namibia 2001: All persons who were in the country during the census reference night

Niger 2001: [Not specified in the available documentation]

Poland 2011: Persons currently residing and registered for permanent residence or temporary residence more than 3 months

Sri Lanka 2001: Usual resident population in Western, Central, Southern, North Western, North Central, Uva, and Sabaragamuwa provinces and Ampara district in Eastern province. (Disturbed conditions in Northern and the remainder of Eastern province prevented complete enumeration. Data include some estimates for these districts based on incomplete enumeration and other information.)

Syria 2004: [Not specified in the available documentation]

Togo 2010: Present and absent residents, plus visitors

Togo 2012: Agricultural holdings (synonymous with agricultural households) in rural enumeration areas

Tonga 2001: All households residing in Tonga during the enumeration period, plus 29 institutions

Tunisia 2004: [Not specified in the available documentation]

Uganda 1991: Smallholders and large scale institutional farms in rural areas. Six districts in the northeast part of the country (Gulu, Kitgum, Kotido, Kumi, Morotowere, and Soroti) were excluded due to insecure conditions. Complete enumeration of large scale and institutional farms in covered districts. Sample survey of small-scale holders.

Uganda 2002: All households engaged in agriculture. (Did not cover Private Large Scale and Institutional Farm Sector.)

United Arab Emirates: All persons (nationals and non-nationals) residing in the UAE as of census night

Vanuatu 2007: Households engaged in agricultural activities (sample survey)

Zambia 1990-1992: Part I: Agricultural households component of Census of Population and Housing. Complete enumeration of agricultural households. Part II: Sample survey of agricultural households in rural areas and Standard Enumeration Areas in urban areas that contained 20 or more agricultural households.

Variable Census Dates

China 1997

Inventory: Day of enumeration, between 01-01-1997 and 31-01-1997 
All other data: Calendar year 1996

Cook Islands 2011 (ag)

Enumeration was conducted between 01-12-2011 and early 2012 [date not specified in available documentation] 
Labor inputs for holdings: During the month prior to the date of enumeration 
Livestock kept: Date of enumeration 
Loans: During the 5 years prior to the date of enumeration 
All other data: During the 12 months prior to the date of enumeration

Finland 2010

Horses, pigs, and poultry: 01-04-2010 
Cattle, sheep, and goats: 01-05-2010 
Crops: harvested during 2010 
Irrigation, other gainful activities, grazing land, and manure: calendar year 2010 
Labor force: 01-09-2009 to 31-08-2010 
Rural development characteristics: 2008, 2009, 2010

Tonga 2001

Enumeration period: 03-10-2001 and 15-12-2001 
Tax allotment ownership, crops and trees grown by minor agricultural households, household membership and economic characteristics, livestock and poultry, agro-forestry, scattered/boundary crops/trees: Day of enumeration 
Loans: Last 5 years 
Selected economic and labor items: Week or month preceding enumeration 
All other data: 01-10-2000 to 30-09-2001

Uganda 2002

Enumeration period: 13-09-2002 to 20-09-2002 
Livestock: Day of enumeration 
Poultry: Average per month in the previous 3 months 
Crops: January to June 2002

Vanuatu 2007

Enumeration period: 21-08-2007 to 21-09-2007 (extended to 21-10-2007 for difficult to reach areas) 
Crops/plants/trees currently growing and number of livestock: Day of enumeration 
Value of products sold: Last sale 
All other data: 01-06-2006 to 31-05-2007

Zambia 1990-1992

Data were gathered in three distinct enumeration periods: 
    Agricultural questionnaire administered as part of Census of Population and Housing: August/September 1990, covering the 1989/90 agricultural season. (Part I) 
    Pre-harvest survey: Dec. 1991 to Jan. 1992, covering the 1990/91 agricultural season. (Part II, Phase 1) 
    Post-harvest survey: Oct. 1992 to Nov. 1992, covering the 1991/92 agricultural season. (Part II, Phase 2) 
Each agricultural season spans 1 October of the first year to 30 September of the following year. 
Inventories, economic activity, type of holding, demographic characteristics: Day of enumeration. 
Crop production, livestock raising, chicken rearing: Agricultural season

Datasets Tabulated from IPUMS International Microdata

IPUMS International microdata consist of individual- and household-level records for a sample of the enumerated population. In other words, each record consists of one person's responses to all the questions in the census. IPUMS International disseminates a sample of such records, typically between 1 and 10%, for each census. Microdata samples can be tabulated to generate aggregate data tables by counting the number of records with certain characteristics and accouting for weighting within the sample. Because the data are derived from samples, rather than the complete enumeration, the values may differ from published tables.

We defined a standard set of tables to tabulate from IPUMS International samples, provided the variables required for the tabulation were present in the sample. For example, we would be unable to tabulate the percentage of households with internet access for a particular census if it did not ask about internet access.

Aggregate data tables tabulated from IPUMS International microdata were originally created for IPUMS Terra and are preserved in IHGIS as part of the legacy of the Terra project.

The data imported from IPUMS Terra correspond to IPUMS International data as they were in September 2018, prior to the expiration of IPUMS Terra funding. As such, they do not include all samples currently available in IPUMS International. Data may also differ slightly from current IPUMS International data due to more recent corrections and improvements in IPUMS International.


1 Syria's Central Bureau of Statistics website provided the data tables without any additional documentation available. The 22-09-2004 date was found on the City Population website, with uncertain provenance.